Creating bundles is the first step in building NGSS storylines. Bundling is the strategy of putting together standards that work well together. In this post, I will explain why you should create bundles in your NGSS aligned classroom. I will also give you my tips for creating NGSS bundles.
What are NGSS bundles?
A bundle refers to a group of performance expectations that are put together because they relate to a common theme or phenomena. To read the official definition, click here.
The bundles may be discipline-specific, meaning that they only include performance expectations from a single discipline (Earth and space, physical, life science, or engineering). However, I suggest trying to create bundles that are integrated, meaning they pull from more than one discipline.
I like to start with local or environmental phenomena and pull in physical science and engineering standards. Still, how you build your bundles is entirely up to you and what makes the most sense for your expertise and student population.
How many performance expectations should be in a bundle?
A bundle usually consists of 3-4 performance expectations. This is usually a manageable number that allows you to build a cohesive storyline that has some depth.
Larger bundles are more difficult to manage. However, some educators have been able to build storylines that stretch across an entire semester or school year. If you have a good idea for a longer storyline, I suggest breaking this into smaller components.
Why bundle NGSS performance expectations?
Performance expectations are arranged in bundles for several reasons including:
- Bundles help you connect related topics and phenomena.
- They help you break your school year into manageable chunks when planning.
- Bundles allow you to plan instructional sequences that maximize instructional time.
- They help students see the connection between topics and disciplines.
How do phenomena relate to bundling?
It is best to create bundles that relate to a certain theme or phenomena. Otherwise, your storyline can feel disjointed and difficult for students to follow.
The phenomena that you select will most likely serve as your anchoring phenomenon. Your storyline will lead your students to an in-depth understanding of this phenomenon.
Want to learn more?
If you want to learn more about bundling and building storylines, check out these posts.